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Free Radic Biol Med. 2000 Apr 1;28(7):1017-29.

Manganese-porphyrin reactions with lipids and lipoproteins.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Pharmacology and Toxicology, and The Center for Free Radical Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA.

Abstract

Manganese porphyrin complexes serve to catalytically scavenge superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, and peroxynitrite. Herein, reactions of manganese 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(N-ethylpyridinium-2-yl)porphyrin (MnTE-2-PyP(5+)) with lipids and lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH) are examined. In linoleic acid and human low-density lipoprotein (LDL), MnTE-2-PyP(5+) promotes oxidative reactions when biological reductants are not present. By redox cycling between Mn(+3) and Mn(+4) forms, MnTE-2-PyP(5+) initiates lipid peroxidation via decomposition of 13(S)hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid [13(S)HPODE], with a second-order rate constant of 8.9 x 10(3) M(-1)s(-1)and k(cat) = 0.32 s(-1). Studies of LDL oxidation demonstrate that: (i) MnTE-2-PyP(5+) can directly oxidize LDL, (ii) MnTE-2-PyP(5+) does not inhibit Cu-induced LDL oxidation, and (iii) MnTE-2-PyP(5+) plus a reductant partially inhibit lipid peroxidation. MnTE-2-PyP(5+) (1-5 microM) also significantly inhibits FeCl(3) plus ascorbate-induced lipid peroxidation of rat brain homogenate. In summary, MnTE-2-PyP(5+) initiates membrane lipid and lipoprotein oxidation in the absence of biological reductants, while MnTE-2-PyP(5+) inhibits lipid oxidation reactions initiated by other oxidants when reductants are present. It is proposed that, as the Mn(+3) resting redox state of MnTE-2-PyP(5+) becomes oxidized to the Mn(+4) redox state, LOOH is decomposed to byproducts that propagate lipid oxidation reactions. When the manganese of MnTE-2-PyP(5+) is reduced to the +2 state by biological reductants, antioxidant reactions of the metalloporphyrin are favored.

PMID:
10832063
DOI:
10.1016/s0891-5849(00)00194-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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