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Metabolism. 2000 May;49(5):684-8.

Profiling of Zucker diabetic fatty rats in their progression to the overt diabetic state.

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Department of Diabetes Research, Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA.


Blood chemistry profiles (glucose, insulin, and triglycerides) and indirect calorimetry were performed on male Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats in a longitudinal fashion (starting at 7 weeks of age) to assess the nature and timing of specific events in the transition to overt diabetes. Peripheral (skeletal muscle) insulin resistance was clearly present at 7 weeks of age in ZDF rats, yet circulating glucose was only slightly above normal as a result of compensatory hyperinsulinemia. At a crucial stage from 7 to 8 weeks, a reduction in insulin levels instigated several deleterious changes resulting in reduced whole-body carbohydrate utilization and increased glycemia. In subsequent weeks, an inability to sustain peripheral glucose disposal as a consequence of a continuous decline in insulin levels further reduced carbohydrate utilization (increased lipid utilization) and enhanced the overt hyperglycemia. These observations document in a systematic fashion the alterations that define diabetic progression in ZDF rats.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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