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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Jun 6;97(12):6367-72.

Analysis of telomerase catalytic subunit mutants in vivo and in vitro in Schizosaccharomycespombe.

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1
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0215, USA.

Abstract

The chromosome end-replicating enzyme telomerase is composed of a template-containing RNA subunit, a reverse transcriptase (TERT), and additional proteins. The importance of conserved amino acid residues in Trt1p, the TERT of Schizosaccharomyces pombe, was tested. Mutation to alanine of the proposed catalytic aspartates in reverse transcriptase motifs A and C and of conserved amino acids in motifs 1 and B' resulted in defective growth, progressive loss of telomeric DNA, and loss of detectable telomerase enzymatic activity in vitro. Mutation of the phenylalanine (F) in the conserved FYxTE of telomerase-specific motif T had no phenotype in vivo or in vitro whereas mutation of a conserved amino acid in RT motif 2 had an intermediate effect. In addition to identifying single amino acids of TERT required for telomere maintenance in the fission yeast, this work provides useful tools for S. pombe telomerase research: a functional epitope-tagged version of Trt1p that allows detection of the protein even in crude cellular extracts, and a convenient and robust in vitro enzymatic activity assay based on immunopurification of telomerase.

PMID:
10829083
PMCID:
PMC18609
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.130187397
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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