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J Biol Chem. 2000 Jun 2;275(22):16810-9.

Characterization of MyD118, Gadd45, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) interacting domains. PCNA impedes MyD118 AND Gadd45-mediated negative growth control.

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Fels Institute for Cancer Research and Molecular Biology and the Department of Biochemistry, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, USA.


MyD118 and Gadd45 are related genes encoding for proteins that play important roles in negative growth control, including growth suppression and apoptosis. MyD118 and Gadd45 are related proteins that previously were shown to interact with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), implicated in DNA replication, DNA repair, and cell cycle progression. To establish the role of MyD118 and Gadd45 interactions with PCNA, in this work we sought to identify the interacting domains and analyze the significance of this interaction in negative growth control. Using complementary in vivo and in vitro interaction assays the N-terminal (1-46) and middle (100-127) regions of PCNA were identified as harboring MyD118- and Gadd45 interacting domains, whereas PCNA interacting domains within MyD118 and Gadd45 were localized to the C termini of these proteins (amino acids 114-156 and 137-165, respectively). These findings provide first evidence that similar domains within MyD118 and Gadd45 mediate interactions with PCNA. Importantly, ectopic expression of MyD118 or Gadd45 N-terminal peptides, lacking the PCNA interacting domain, was found to suppress colony formation or induce apoptosis more efficiently than the full-length proteins. These findings suggest that interaction of MyD118 or Gadd45 with PCNA, in essence, serves to impede negative growth control.

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