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Ophthalmologe. 2000 Apr;97(4):257-63.

[Endophthalmitis after cataract surgery: predisposing factors, infectious agents and therapy].

[Article in German]

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Universit├Ąts-Augenklinik, Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE).



Infectious exogenous endophthalmitis is a serious complication after cataract surgery. Despite modern pharmacological and surgical methods, its treatment is still difficult.


In a retrospective study the records of all patients treated for endophthalmitis following cataract extraction at the Department of Ophthalmology of the University Hospital in Hamburg between January 1989 and December 1997 were assessed.


Of 36 patients treated for endophthalmitis, 29 (80.6%) had been referred. In 14 (38.9%) of these 29 patients endophthalmitis had occurred after outpatient cataract surgery. Seven patients (19.4%) had been treated as inpatients at the University Eye Hospital Eppendorf. Vitrectomy was performed in 80.6% of the cases. An infectious agent was isolated from 50% of diagnostic probes. The most common organism isolated were coagulase-negative staphylococci (4 cases). Predisposing factors for the development of endophthalmitis were diabetes (27.8%), intraoperative loss of vitreous (19.4%), application of systemic steroids (13.9%) and wound dehiscence (11.1%). Of 27 patients (75%) followed up, 16 (59.3%) had a final visual acuity of 20/400 or better (mean 20/40). An enucleation had to be performed in 4 patients (13.8%).


In this study, approximately 60% of patients with endophthalmitis following cataract extraction had their globes preserved and a good visual outcome after appropriate surgical interventions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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