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Brain. 2000 Jun;123 ( Pt 6):1155-60.

Reduced striatal dopamine transporters in idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder. Comparison with Parkinson's disease and controls.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University of Munich, Germany. eisen@nefo.med.uni-muenchen.de

Abstract

Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is characterized by complex behaviour during REM sleep. The aetiology of this disorder is still unknown, but a recent study showed an association between RBD and Parkinson's disease. We therefore studied striatal postsynaptic dopamine D2 receptor density with [123I](S)-2-hydroxy-3-iodo-6-methoxy-(1-ethyl-2-pyrrolidinylmethyl ) benzamide ([123I]IBZM) and the striatal presynaptic dopamine transporter with (N)-(3-iodopropene-2-yl)-2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-chlorop henyl) tropane ([123I]IPT) using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in patients with idiopathic RBD. We compared the [123I]IPT-SPECT results of five patients with polysomnographically confirmed idiopathic RBD with the [123I]IPT-SPECTs of seven age- and sex-matched controls without a history of sleep disorders, and of 14 patients with Parkinson's disease (Hoehn and Yahr stage I). All RBD patients had significantly reduced striatal [123I]IPT binding compared with the controls (RBD: right, 2.94 +/- 0.32, left, 3.03 +/- 0.41; controls: right, 4.41 +/- 0.17, left, 4.34 +/- 0.21; P = 0.003), but significantly higher striatal [123I]IPT binding compared with the striatum contralateral to the symptomatic body side of the Parkinson's disease patients (Parkinson's disease: ipsilateral, 3.17 +/- 0.36, P = 0.298; contralateral, 2.51 +/- 0.31, P = 0.019). Uptake of [123I]IBZM was not significantly different in the RBD group compared with the controls. This study demonstrates that [123I]IPT-SPECT is a useful diagnostic tool in RBD and that reduced striatal dopamine transporters may be a pathophysiological mechanism of idiopathic RBD. (Results are given as mean +/- standard deviation.).

PMID:
10825354
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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