Send to

Choose Destination
J Biol Chem. 2000 Aug 11;275(32):24840-6.

Thioredoxin facilitates the induction of heme oxygenase-1 in response to inflammatory mediators.

Author information

Program of Developmental Cardiovascular Biology, Cardiovascular Division and the Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 is a stress response protein that is regulated by oxidative stress. HO-1 catalyzes the generation of biliverdin, carbon monoxide, and iron from heme. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interleukin (IL)-1beta induce HO-1 through the binding of nuclear proteins to AP-1 motifs in enhancer regions upstream from the transcription start site. The DNA binding activity of AP-1 proteins depends on the reduction of cysteines in their DNA-binding domains. We found that agents that disrupt free sulfhydryl groups abolish AP-1 binding activity in nuclear proteins obtained from rat aortic smooth muscle cells and macrophages stimulated with IL-1beta or LPS. Thioredoxin (TRX) may regulate the redox status of nuclear transcription factors in response to oxidative stimuli, thus we determined the role of TRX in the physiologic regulation of HO-1. TRX underwent nuclear translocation in cells stimulated with IL-1beta and LPS. We transfected macrophages with a heterologous promoter construct containing two AP-1 sites from an upstream enhancer region in the HO-1 promoter. Recombinant TRX induced promoter activity to a level analogous to that induced by LPS, and this TRX response was abolished by mutation of the AP-1 sites. An inhibitor of TRX reductase, used to prevent TRX translocation in the reduced state, decreased HO-1 induction by IL-1beta and LPS. These data provide the first evidence that TRX contributes to the induction of HO-1 by inflammatory mediators.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center