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Br J Pharmacol. 2000 Jun;130(3):521-6.

Tissue angiotensin II and endothelin-1 modulate differently the response to flow in mesenteric resistance arteries of normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats.

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Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U 541, IFR 6, Université Paris VII, 41 Bd de la Chapelle, 75475 Paris, cedex 10, France.


In resistance arteries pressure-induced (myogenic) tone (MT) and flow (shear stress)-induced dilation (FD) are potent determinant of vascular resistance. We investigated the role of angiotensin II and endothelin-1 in FD and MT in resistance arteries and their potential change in hypertension. Flow - diameter - pressure relationship was established in situ, under anaesthesia, in two daughter branches of a mesenteric resistance artery (180 microM, n=7 per group) from spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) or normotensive (WKY) rats. One artery was ligated distally, so that it was submitted to pressure only, while the other was submitted to pressure and flow. Drugs were added to the preparation and external diameter, pressure and flow measured continuously. External diameter (with flow) ranged from 150+/-3 to 191+/-7 microM in WKY (n=28) rats and from 168+/-6 to 186+/-6 microM in SHR (n=28). Flow induced a dilation of the non-ligated arteries which was lower in SHR (13+/-5 - 31+/-4 microM vs WKY: 5+/-5 - 44+/-4 microM). In the ligated artery, the diameter did not significantly change, due to MT. In the vessels submitted to flow angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition (perindopril, 10 micromol L(-1)) increased the diameter in SHR (+11+/-2 microM) significantly more than in WKY (+2+/-1 microM). Angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT(1)R) blockade (losartan, 10 micromol L(-1)) increased the diameter in the vessels with flow in SHR only (+6+/-1 microM). Angiotensin type 2 receptor (AT(2)R) blockade (PD 123319, 1 micromol L(-1)) decreased arterial diameter in WKY only (9+/-2). Endothelin-1 type A receptor (ET(A)R) blockade (LU135252, 0.1 micromol L(-1)) increased the diameter only in SHR in the artery submitted to flow (by 6+/-1 microM). Thus FD was counteracted by a flow-dependent AT(1) and ET(A) receptors-activation in SHR whereas in WKY FD AT(2)-dependent dilation is involved.

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