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J Med Chem. 2000 May 18;43(10):2049-63.

Discovery of novel, potent, and selective small-molecule CCR5 antagonists as anti-HIV-1 agents: synthesis and biological evaluation of anilide derivatives with a quaternary ammonium moiety.

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Pharmaceutical Research Division and Discovery Research Division, Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd., 2-17-85, Jusohonmachi, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka 532-8686, Japan.


The search for new small-molecule CCR5 antagonists by high-throughput screening (HTS) of the Takeda chemical library using [(125)I]RANTES and CHO/CCR5 cells led to the discovery of lead compounds (A, B) with a quaternary ammonium or phosphonium moiety, which were synthesized to investigate new MCP-1 receptor antagonists. A series of novel anilide derivatives 1 with a quaternary ammonium moiety were designed, synthesized, and tested for their CCR5 antagonistic activity. Through the optimization of lead compounds, we have found N,N-dimethyl-N-[4-[[[2-(4-methylphenyl)-6, 7-dihydro-5H-benzocyclohepten-8-yl]carbonyl]amino]benzyl]tetrahydr o-2 H-pyran-4-aminium chloride (1r, TAK-779) as a highly potent and selective nonpeptide CCR5 antagonist with a IC(50) value of 1.4 nM in the binding assay. Compound 1r also inhibited the replication of macrophage (M)-tropic HIV-1 (Ba-L strain) in both MAGI-CCR5 cells and PBMCs with EC(50) values of 1.2 and 3.7 nM, respectively. The synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 1r and its related compounds are detailed.

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