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Biochemistry. 2000 May 23;39(20):6145-56.

Two distinct forms of MAPKAP kinase-2 in adult cardiac ventricular myocytes.

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Institut de Cardiologie de Montréal, Centre de Recherche, 5000 rue Bélanger est, Montréal, PQ, Canada, H1T 1C8.


Hsp27 kinase activities were studied in adult rat ventricular myocytes following sequential chromatography on Mono Q and Mono S. A basal level of activity was present following cell isolation. FPLC on Mono Q revealed three peaks of activity, peaks 'a', 'b', and 'c'. A fourth peak, 'd', was detected upon subsequent chromatography of the Mono Q flow-through on Mono S. Immunoblotting revealed that peaks 'a', 'b', and 'c' contained predominantly a 49 kDa form of MAPKAP kinase-2. Peak 'd' contained a 43 kDa form. 'In-gel' kinase assays using hsp27 indicated both forms of MAPKAP kinase-2 were active. No other bands of hsp27 kinase activity were detected. Both forms of hsp27 kinase immunoprecipitated with a MAPKAP kinase-2 antibody and have therefore been named MAPKAP kinase-2alpha (p49) and MAPKAP kinase-2beta (p43). MAPKAP kinase-2beta chromatographed on Superose 12 as a 60.7 kDa monomer whereas the behavior of MAPKAP kinase-2alpha suggested both a 65.7 kDa monomer and higher molecular mass complexes. Both activities phosphorylated hsp27 on serine residues, and two-dimensional phosphopeptide mapping indicated the same sites were phosphorylated. A tumor-promoting phorbol ester, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), stimulated both MAPKAP kinase-2alpha and MAPKAP kinase-2beta activity. Inhibition of MEK activation with PD 98059 or p38alpha/beta MAP kinase activity with SB203580 blocked activation by PMA. However, whereas PD 98059 inhibited only the PMA-stimulated activation, SB203580 inhibited both PMA-stimulated and basal hsp27 phosphorylation. These data demonstrate the presence of two forms of MAPKAP kinase-2 in adult ventricular myocytes. Both forms are activated indirectly by the ERK MAP kinase pathway and directly by p38 MAP kinase but independently regulated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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