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J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 1999 May-Jun;12(3):363-79.

The molecular background of glycogen metabolism disorders.

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  • 1Metabolic Disease Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.


The molecular pathology of classical glycogen storage disorders, glycogen synthase deficiency and Fanconi-Bickel syndrome is reviewed. The isolation of the respective cDNAs, the chromosomal localization of the genes and the elucidation of the genomic organization enabled mutation analysis in most disorders. The findings have shed light on the multi-protein structure of the glucose-6-phosphatase system, the phosphorylase kinase enzymatic complex and the molecular background of the differential tissue expression in debranching enzyme deficiency. The immediate practical benefit of these studies is our extending ability to predict the outcome of clinical variants and to offer genetic counseling to most families. The elucidation of the tertiary structure of these proteins and their structure-function relationship poses major challenges for the future.

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