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Indian Heart J. 2000 Jan-Feb;52(1):40-4.

Accelerated infusion of streptokinase in acute myocardial infarction results in better TIMI flow grade in infarct-related artery.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, King George's Medical College, Lucknow.

Abstract

Bolus followed by rapid infusion of tissue plasminogen activator results in higher grade of TIMI flow in infarct-related artery as compared to slow infusion. In the present study, an accelerated regimen of streptokinase given over 15 minutes was compared with conventional infusion over one hour in 47 patients presenting within 12 hours of acute myocardial infarction. Forty-seven patients (44 males, 3 females; mean age 54.0 +/- 1.1 years) were randomly allocated to receive 1.5 million units of streptokinase either over 15 minutes (group 1, n = 24) or over one hour (group 2, n = 23) at a mean interval of 5.4 +/- 3.6 hours after onset of symptoms. All the patients received aspirin and intravenous heparin (1000 U/hr) for 96 hours after thrombolysis. Coronary angiography was performed in 43 patients (22 in group 1, 21 in group 2) prior to discharge from the hospital (mean 7 +/- 2.1 days after acute myocardial infarction) and patency of the infarct-related artery and grade of TIMI flow were determined. Infarct-related artery was patent (TIMI 2/3 flow) in 19 (86.4%) patients in group 1 as compared to 12 (57.1%) in group 2 (p < 0.05). TIMI grade 3 flow in the infarct-related artery was present in 13 (59.1%) in group 1 as compared to 7 (33.3%) in group 2 (p = 0.1). There was no significant difference between group 1 and 2 in time of presentation (mean 5.3 +/- 3.9 hrs vs 5.5 +/- 3.2 hrs), time to needle in hospital (25.6 +/- 11.2 min vs 26.3 +/- 6.2 min), site of infarct (anterior myocardial infarction 12 in group 1 vs 11 in group 2), relief of pain at 90 min (13 vs 12), more than 50 percent reduction of ST elevation at 90 minutes (17 vs 12) and left ventricular ejection fraction (48.8 +/- 9.1% vs 49.8 +/- 16.0%), respectively. Streptokinase was well tolerated in both the groups, although hypotension was more common with the accelerated regimen (5 in group 1 vs 3 in group 2; p = NS). Thus, 'accelerated' streptokinase given over 15 minutes in patients presenting within 12 hours of acute myocardial infarction is well tolerated and results in higher grades of TIMI flow in the infarct-related artery as compared to the "conventional" one-hour infusion regimen.

PMID:
10820932
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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