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Prenat Diagn. 2000 May;20(5):367-70.

Non-concordance of CVS and liver glycine cleavage enzyme in three families with non-ketotic hyperglycinaemia (NKH) leading to false negative prenatal diagnoses.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada.


We report three false negative prenatal diagnostic results, using direct measurement of glycine cleavage enzyme activity in uncultured chorionic villus tissue from 290 pregnancies at risk for non-ketotic hyperglycinaemia (NKH). Testing was done by two centres: Vancouver, Canada and Lyon, France. One false negative result had activity near the lower limit of the normal range but two samples gave completely normal results well within the control range. All three pregnancies continued and the three children were born affected with NKH. Because of the first result, we now counsel that there is a grey zone of uninterpretable activity where affected and normal enzyme values overlap. Because of the other two results we now counsel that there is an approximately 1% chance of a pregnancy with a normal CVS activity resulting in an affected child. The clinical and biochemical findings in the three families are discussed.

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