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J Agric Food Chem. 2000 May;48(5):1657-62.

MALDI-TOF MS analysis of food flavonol glycosides.

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Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2P5.


Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is a new technique that is having a great impact on food analysis. This study is the first to demonstrate the use of MALDI-TOF MS to identify flavonol glycosides in food samples. 2',4',6'-Trihydroxyacetophenone was chosen as the best matrix because it worked for crude sample extracts and ionized flavonol glycosides in both positive and negative MALDI-TOF MS modes. In the positive mode, multiple ion forms were observed for flavonol glycosides, including [M + H](+), [M + Na](+), [M + K](+), and [M - H + Na + K](+), with further fragmentation through loss of glycosidic residues. The negative mode for all flavonol glycosides resulted in [M - H](-) ion formation without detectable fragmentation. The multiple ions in the positive mode gave more information on individual flavonol glycoside structures than the negative mode. Flavonol glycosides showed similar intensities or responses in the positive mode, while kaempferol glycosides exhibited much less response than quercetin glycosides in negative mode.

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