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J Insect Physiol. 2000 Aug 1;46(8):1177-1186.

Salivary proteins of aphids, a pilot study on identification, separation and immunolocalisation.

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Wageningen University, Laboratory of Entomology, PO Box 8031, 6700 EH, Wageningen, The Netherlands


Salivary proteins (SPs) of Schizaphis graminum, Acyrthosiphon pisum and Myzus persicae were studied after probing and feeding on different artificial diets. Salivary sheaths as well as apical lumps of saliva were found, presumably representing subsequently excreted saliva of different types. Phenoloxidase, pectinase and peroxidase activities were detected by staining the enzyme-converted products, thus confirming these enzyme activities found earlier by others. Proteinase and cellulase were not found. SPs in three major SDS-PAGE bands, at 154 and 66/69 kDa, were collected in fluid diets (soluble fraction) and as sheath material (solid fraction) attached to the membranes covering these diets. Proteins of both fractions presumably represented the enzymatic activities found, although this could not be proven. The lack of electrophoretic mobility of the undenaturated (isoelectrofocusing and PAGE) active proteins meant that they could not be separated, whereas the mobile denaturated (SDS-PAGE) proteins had lost their enzyme activity. Polyclonal antibodies, anti-SP154 and anti-SP66/69, both cross-reacted to most salivary proteins in Western blots. They also reacted to sheath material and to the principal salivary glands. For further studies of saliva some monoclonal antibodies were developed. The complexity of salivation and the relation of the results obtained to the behaviourally known secretion periods is discussed.


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