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Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000 May;4(5):481-4.

Detection of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from diverse countries by a commercial line probe assay as an initial indicator of multidrug resistance.

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Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium.


The line probe assay (LiPA), a rapid molecular method for detecting rifampicin resistance (RMPr) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, correctly identified all 145 rifampicin-sensitive (RMPs) and 262 (98.5%) of 266 RMPr strains among 411 isolates collected from diverse countries. If used as a marker of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), detection of RMPr by LiPA would have detected 236 of the 240 MDR strains in this study but would have wrongly suggested the presence of MDR in 26 RMP-monoresistant isolates (sensitivity 98.3%, specificity 84.8%). Hence, the reliability of using LiPA (or any other rapid RMPr-detection method) as a surrogate marker of MDR-TB largely depends on the prevalence of RMP-monoresistance in the study population. This approach must therefore be validated in each local situation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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