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Acc Chem Res. 2000 May;33(5):269-77.

Molecular photovoltaics.

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Department of Physical Chemistry, Angström Solar Center, University of Uppsala, S75121 Uppsala, Sweden.


The dye-sensitized nanocrystalline injection solar cell employs transition metal complexes for spectral sensitization of mesoporous TiO(2) films together with suitable redox electrolytes or amorphous organic hole conductors. Light harvesting occurs efficiently over the whole visible and near-IR range due to the very large internal surface area of the films. Judicious molecular engineering allows the photoinduced charge separation to occur quantitatively within a few femtoseconds. The certified overall power conversion efficiency of the new solar cell for AM 1.5 solar radiation stands presently at 10.4%.

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