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Cancer. 2000 May 1;88(9):2010-21.

Characterization of a newly established human pancreatic carcinoma cell line, UK Pan-1.

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1
Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio 78284-7842, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A highly tumorigenic cell line designated as UK Pan-1 was established in a surgically removed human pancreatic adenocarcinoma and characterized as having many of the genotypic and phenotypic alterations commonly found in pancreatic tumors.

METHODS:

The cell line was characterized by its morphology, growth rate in monolayer culture and soft agar, tumorigenicity in nude mice, and chromosomal analysis. Furthermore, the status of p53, Ki-ras mutation and transforming growth factor (TGF)-/receptor expression were determined. The characteristics of UK Pan-1 were compared with those of other commonly used pancreatic carcinoma cell lines.

RESULTS:

Quiescent UK Pan-1 cells could be stimulated to proliferate in growth factor free nutrient media, indicating a growth factor independent phenotype. UK Pan- 1 cells grew in soft agar and rapidly formed tumors in nude mice. This cell line possesses a mutation at codon 12 of the c-Ki-ras-2 gene that is commonly found in pancreatic carcinoma. Fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that two alleles of p53 tumor suppressor gene were present in UK Pan-1. However, sequencing analysis revealed a mutation in one allele at exon 8, codon 273 (G to A; Arg to His). Additional growth assays indicated that the cell line was insensitive to negative growth regulation induced by exogenous TGF-beta. Molecular analysis of the TGF-beta signaling pathway showed that UK Pan-1 did not express appreciable levels of the TGF-beta receptor type I, II, or III mRNAs, but did express DPC4 mRNA. Karyotype analysis revealed an 18q21 deletion indicating a possible loss of heterozygosity for DPC4, as well as other chromosomal deletions and rearrangements.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study indicates that UK Pan-1 is a highly tumorigenic cell line possessing a molecularly complex pattern of mutations that may be used as a model to further the understanding of the mechanisms responsible for the development of pancreatic carcinoma.

PMID:
10813711
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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