Send to

Choose Destination
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2000 May 12;1458(1):199-219.

Proton and hydrogen currents in photosynthetic water oxidation.

Author information

Johnson Research Foundation, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.


The photosynthetic processes that lead to water oxidation involve an evolution in time from photon dynamics to photochemically-driven electron transfer to coupled electron/proton chemistry. The redox-active tyrosine, Y(Z), is the component at which the proton currents necessary for water oxidation are switched on. The thermodynamic and kinetic implications of this function for Y(Z) are discussed. These considerations also provide insight into the related roles of Y(Z) in preserving the high photochemical quantum efficiency in Photosystem II (PSII) and of conserving the highly oxidizing conditions generated by the photochemistry in the PSII reaction center. The oxidation of Y(Z) by P(680)(+) can be described well by a treatment that invokes proton coupling within the context of non-adiabatic electron transfer. The reduction of Y(.)(Z), however, appears to proceed by an adiabatic process that may have hydrogen-atom transfer character.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center