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Int J Oncol. 2000 Jun;16(6):1249-54.

1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 synthetic analogs inhibit spontaneous metastases in a 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced colon carcinogenesis model.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, George Washington University Medical Center, NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA.

Abstract

In order to substantiate the role of vitamin D applicability for the prevention of colon cancer and its spontaneous metastases, the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and its synthetic analogs, 1, 25-dihydroxy-16,23Z-diene-26,27-hexafluoro-D3 (Ro 25-5317) and 1, 25-dihydroxy-16,23E-diene-26,27-hexafluoro-19-nor-D3 (Ro 25-9022), have been evaluated in a 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced colon carcinogenesis model in Sprague-Dawley rats. In animals maintained on 2.75 nmol/kg 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 diet no statistical difference was seen in tumor incidence when compared with control while in animals on 3.0 nmol/kg 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 diet, the incidence of tumors was significantly lower. In animals maintained on 3.0 nmol/kg Ro 25-5317 diet also no statistical difference was seen in tumor incidence compared with control while in animals on 3. 5 nmol/kg Ro 25-5317 diet the incidence of tumors was significantly lower. The incidence of tumors in the group of animals maintained on 3.0 nmol/kg and 3.5 nmol/kg Ro 25-9022 was significantly lower, at 32.1% and 27.6% respectively, compared to control. In the two groups of animals maintained on the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 diet no significant difference in the incidence of metastasis was seen. In the group of animals maintained on 3.0 nmol/kg Ro 25-5317 diet only regional metastases were seen. However, no metastases developed in the rats on 3.5 nmol/kg Ro 25-5317 diet. After administration of 3.0 nmol/kg Ro 25-9022 diet, metastases developed in a significantly less number of animals while no metastases occurred in the rats maintained on the 3.5 nmol/kg Ro 25-9022 diet. The above studies will provide a scientific basis for the progression into further clinical trials in the treatment, and/or chemoprevention of human colorectal cancer.

PMID:
10812003
DOI:
10.3892/ijo.16.6.1249
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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