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Int J Oncol. 2000 Jun;16(6):1125-31.

Clinical significance of S100A4 and E-cadherin-related adhesion molecules in non-small cell lung cancer.

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1
Department of Experimental Therapeutics, Cancer Research Institute, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-0934, Japan.

Abstract

S100A4 has been implicated in the malignant phenotype of tumor cells, including cell motility, but the biological function is hardly known. A recent study suggests that S100A4-induced invasiveness in malignant tumor cells is partially caused by down-regulation of E-cadherin. To clarify the clinical significance of S100A4 and its association with E-cadherin-mediated cell-to-cell adhesion system, we examined their protein expressions in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) specimens using immunohistochemical techniques. Expression of S100A4 was observed in 81 (60%) of 135 NSCLCs and correlated with progression of the pathological T factor (p<0.001), lymph node metastasis (p<0.005), and poor survival (p<0.05). Reduced expression of E-cadherin, alpha-catenin, and beta-catenin was observed in 64% (87 of 135), 50% (43 of 86), and 58% (50 of 86) of the specimens tested, respectively. The expression of E-cadherin closely correlated with differentiation and inversely with that of S100A4. Among these adhesion-associated molecules we found that alpha-catenin appeared to reflect most strikingly the presence of lymph node metastasis and the short survival periods of NSCLC patients. Furthermore, patients who showed S100A4-positive/alpha-catenin-negative expression had a significantly shorter survival than the patients with S100A4-negative/alpha-catenin-positive expression. These results indicate that S100A4, as well as alpha-catenin, plays a role in the progression and metastasis of NSCLCs and that simultaneous immunohistochemical detection of their expression may be useful to define a subpopulation of lung cancer patients with a possible poor prognosis.

PMID:
10811984
DOI:
10.3892/ijo.16.6.1125
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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