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Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2000 Mar;2(2):136-145.

Histological Characterization and Glucose Incorporation into Glycogen of the Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas Storage Cells.

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Laboratoire de Biologie et Biotechnologies Marines, Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, Esplanade de la Paix, 14032 Caen Cedex, France


In order to investigate glycogen metabolism in the oyster Crassostrea gigas, the distribution of storage cells in the whole animal was studied before histological and biochemical characterization. These cells were found mainly in the labial palps, the mantle, and gonadal area and also in gills and the digestive area. Storage cells from palps, mantle, and gonad presented the same morphological features and the same seasonal glycogen variations. Storage cells were isolated from the labial palps and the mantle plus gonadal area of the oyster by enzymatic dispersion and centrifugation through discontinuous Percoll gradient. These cells have a modal density of 1.043 g/ml. An ultrastructural study confirmed that glycogen is present in the cytoplasm either as fine particles or sequestered within vesicles. Glucose incorporation into glycogen was evaluated in vitro using [U-(14)C]glucose: the incorporation in isolated cells increased linearly for at least 8 hours, was proportional to the cell concentration, and showed saturation kinetics with respect to the exogenous glucose concentration.


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