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Biomaterials. 2000 Jun;21(12):1235-46.

Synthesis and characterization of a novel biodegradable antimicrobial polymer.

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Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemitry, Faculty of Engineering, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Bacterial infection is a frequent complication associated with the use of medical devices. In an effort to address this problem, antibacterial agents have been incorporated or applied directly onto the surfaces of numerous types of medical devices. This study assessed the feasibility of using a novel biodegradable polymer to release antibiotic drugs in response to inflammatory related enzymes. A model drug polymer was synthesized using 1,6-hexane diisocyanate (HDI), polycaprolactone diol (PCL), and a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, ciprofloxacin. Polymers were characterized by size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), and elemental analysis. Biodegradation studies were carried out by incubating the polymers with solutions of cholesterol esterase (CE) or phosphate buffer (pH 7.0) for 30 days at 37 degrees C. The degradation was assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), mass spectrometry (MS) and 14C radiolabel release. Subsequently, the activity of the released antibiotic was assessed against a clinical isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. HPLC analysis showed the release of multiple degradation products which were identified, by tandem MS, to include ciprofloxacin and derivatives of ciprofloxacin. The microbiological assessment showed that the released ciprofloxacin possessed antimicrobial activity; 1 microg/ml was measured after 10 days. The results of this study suggest that these novel bioresponsive antimicrobial polymers or similar analogs show promise for use in the control of medical device associated infections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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