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Biochem Pharmacol. 2000 Jan 15;59(2):195-201.

Role of apoptosis in cisplatin-induced toxicity in the renal epithelial cell line LLC-PK1. Implication of the functions of apical membranes.

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1
Department of Pharmacy, Kyoto University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan.

Abstract

The role of apoptosis and the implications of the functions of apical membranes in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity were investigated using the kidney epithelial cell line LLC-PK1. When LLC-PK1 cells were treated with 30 microM cisplatin, the number of floating cells was increased markedly. However, the number was not increased by treatment with 1 mM cisplatin, suggesting that different mechanisms were involved in the toxicities of these two treatments. DNA fragmentation, condensation of nuclear chromatin, and the absence of trypan blue staining suggested that cellular toxicity following treatment with 30 microM cisplatin for 24 hr was mediated predominantly by apoptosis. Specific activities of apical enzymes (gamma-glutamyltransferase, EC 2.3.2.2; and alkaline phosphatase, EC 3.1.3.1) in LLC-PK1 cells were decreased markedly by treatment with 30 microM cisplatin for 24 hr, whereas neither lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; EC 1.1.1.27) release nor a decrease in cellular protein content was observed following the same treatment. In addition, concomitant treatment with reduced glutathione completely attenuated both the apoptosis and the decrease of apical enzyme activities induced by 30 microM cisplatin. Neither DNA fragmentation nor condensation of chromatin was induced by treatment with 1 mM cisplatin for 12 hr. However, LDH release and a decrease in cellular protein level were induced by 1 mM cisplatin, suggesting that the toxic effect was due to necrosis. Under these conditions, specific activities of apical enzymes were not decreased. These results suggested that apoptosis was more responsible than necrosis for the loss of apical functions in cisplatin-induced toxicity in LLC-PK1 cells.

PMID:
10810454
DOI:
10.1016/s0006-2952(99)00303-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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