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J Biol Chem. 2000 May 19;275(20):15498-503.

Interaction of two multifunctional proteins. Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K and Y-box-binding protein.

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Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA.


The heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) K, a component of the hnRNP particles, appears to be involved in several steps of regulation of gene expression. To gain insight into mechanisms of K protein action, we performed two-hybrid screens using full-length hnRNP K as a bait. Several novel protein partners were identified, including Y-box-binding protein (YB-1), splicing factors 9G8 and SRp20, DNA-methyltransferase, hnRNP L, and hnRNP U. In vitro binding studies and co-immunoprecipitation from cellular extracts provided evidence for direct interaction between hnRNP K and YB-1. Two distinct domains in YB-1 were responsible for binding to K protein. Each protein was able to transactivate transcription from a polypyrimidine-rich promoter; however, this effect was reduced when K and YB-1 proteins were coexpressed suggesting a functional interaction between these two proteins.

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