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Vet Microbiol. 2000 Jun 1;74(3):237-48.

Distribution of capsular types and production of muramidase-released protein (MRP) and extracellular factor (EF) of Streptococcus suis strains isolated from diseased pigs in seven European countries.

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1
Department of Bacteriology, Institute for Animal Science and Health, P.O. Box 65, 8200 AB, Lelystad, Netherlands. h.j.wisselink@id.wag-ur.nl

Abstract

Streptococcus suis strains (n=411), isolated from diseased pigs in seven European countries were serotyped using specific antisera against serotype 1 to 28, and were phenotyped on the basis of their muramidase-released-protein (MRP) and extracellular-factor protein (EF) production. Overall, S. suis serotype 2 appeared to be most prevalent (32%), followed by serotype 9 (20%) and serotype 1 (12%). Serotype 2 was most frequently isolated in France, Italy and Spain, whereas serotype 9 was most frequently isolated in Belgium, The Netherlands and Germany. In the United Kingdom serotypes 1 and 14 were most frequently isolated. High percentages of S. suis serotype 1, 2, 1/2 and 14 strains, isolated from tissues associated with S. suis infections such as brain, serosa, joint, heart and organs expressed the EF-protein, indicating that in these serotypes expression of EF is likely to be associated with virulence. In contrast, strains belonging to serotype 7 and 9, isolated from tissues associated with S. suis infections did not produce EF. These results strongly suggest that in the serotypes 7 and 9 EF expression is not related to virulence. More than 80% of the S. suis serotype 9 strains produced an MRP* protein, a high molecular variant of the 136kDa MRP. Expression of MRP* in serotype 9 strains is possibly associated with virulence.

PMID:
10808092
DOI:
10.1016/s0378-1135(00)00188-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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