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Blood. 2000 May 15;95(10):3146-52.

Interleukin-13 induces PSGL-1/P-selectin-dependent adhesion of eosinophils, but not neutrophils, to human umbilical vein endothelial cells under flow.

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  • 1Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of Leicester School of Medicine, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, UK.

Abstract

Selective eosinophil accumulation is a hallmark of diseases such as asthma. In a model of chronic eosinophilic inflammation, we have previously shown that the tethering step in eosinophil adhesion is mediated by PSGL-1 binding to P-selectin. The Th2-associated cytokine IL-13 is of potential importance in allergic disease. We have therefore investigated whether IL-13 can mediate eosinophil binding to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) through P-selectin. IL-13 caused dose- and time-dependent increases of P-selectin expression, as assessed by flow and laser scanning cytometry. A similar degree of expression was observed with IL-4. There was no effect on E-selectin or ICAM-1 expression. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha induced the expression of VCAM-1, E-selectin, and ICAM-1 but had no effect on P-selectin expression. IL-13 increased the production of mRNA for surface and soluble variants of P-selectin. Under flow conditions, eosinophils, but not neutrophils, showed enhanced binding to IL-13 and to IL-4-stimulated HUVEC compared to medium-cultured cells. Eosinophil adhesion was completely inhibited by a blocking monoclonal antibody against PSGL-1 and P-selectin. Anti-VLA-4 and anti-VCAM-1 antibodies inhibited binding to a lesser extent. Thus, at physiologic levels of expression induced by Th2 cytokines, P-selectin/PSGL-1 supported eosinophil but not neutrophil adhesion. This mechanism is likely to be a key event leading to the selective accumulation of eosinophils in allergic inflammation.

PMID:
10807781
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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