Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Plant Physiol. 2000 May;123(1):201-14.

Internal conductance to CO(2) diffusion and C(18)OO discrimination in C(3) leaves.

Author information

  • 1Department of Environmental Science and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot, Israel.

Abstract

(18)O discrimination in CO(2) stems from the oxygen exchange between (18)O-enriched water and CO(2) in the chloroplast, a process catalyzed by carbonic anhydrase (CA). A proportion of this (18)O-labeled CO(2) escapes back to the atmosphere, resulting in an effective discrimination against C(18)OO during photosynthesis (Delta(18)O). By constraining the delta(18)O of chloroplast water (delta(e)) by analysis of transpired water and the extent of CO(2)-H(2)O isotopic equilibrium (theta(eq)) by measurements of CA activity (theta(eq) = 0.75-1.0 for tobacco, soybean, and oak), we could apply measured Delta(18)O in a leaf cuvette attached to a mass spectrometer to derive the CO(2) concentration at the physical limit of CA activity, i.e. the chloroplast surface (c(cs)). From the CO(2) drawdown sequence between stomatal cavities from gas exchange (c(i)), from Delta(18)O (c(cs)), and at Rubisco sites from Delta(13)C (c(c)), the internal CO(2) conductance (g(i)) was partitioned into cell wall (g(w)) and chloroplast (g(ch)) components. The results indicated that g(ch) is variable (0.42-1.13 mol m(-2) s(-1)) and proportional to CA activity. We suggest that the influence of CA activity on the CO(2) assimilation rate should be important mainly in plants with low internal conductances.

PMID:
10806237
PMCID:
PMC58994
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center