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Biopolymers. 2000;57(3):179-86.

In situ Raman microspectroscopic identification and localization of carotenoids: approach to monitoring of UV-B irradiation stress on Antarctic fungus.

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Unità INFM, Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Università, I-06100 Perugia, Italy and Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Università della Tuscia, I-01100 Viterbo, Italy.


The in situ Raman microspectroscopic properties of an Antarctic fungus are investigated to assess the nature and the spatial localization of the main chromophores and to study their spectral changes under enhanced UV-B irradiation. The Raman spectroscopic features of spores in situ are consistent with those of carotenoid-like pigments. In particular, the Raman shifts seem to be related either to the frequency modes of long conjugated double-bond carotenoids or to protein bound beta-carotene. The spectroscopic analysis at different spore depths clearly shows the strongest Raman signal arises from cell wall and membrane structures. The intensity of such a signal shows a drastic reduction upon UV-B irradiation without any significant frequency change. The use of Raman microspectroscopy for nondestructively monitoring the UV-B effects on Arthrobotrys ferox spores is also discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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