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Extremophiles. 2000 Apr;4(2):99-108.

Analysis of the genome of an alkaliphilic Bacillus strain from an industrial point of view.

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Deep-sea Microorganisms Research Group, Japan Marine Science and Technology Center, Yokosuka.


Bacillus species and other microbes with pH optima for growth higher than pH 9 are defined as alkaliphiles. A large number of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains producing useful enzymes, have been isolated from various environments. Some of these enzymes, such as proteases and cellulases from alkaliphilic Bacillus strains, have been commercialized and have brought great advantages to industry and domestic life. To support further development of the enzyme industry, we initiated analysis of the genome of Bacillus halodurans C-125, which is 4.25Mb in size, and constructed a physical and genetic map for comparison with the Bacillus subtilis chromosome. Systematic sequencing of the whole genome of Bacillus halodurans C-125 has been automated since the beginning of May 1998, and sequencing of 98% of the whole genome has been done so far. Through genome analysis, it became apparent that the genome organization of alkaliphilic Bacillus halodurans C-125 is totally different from that of B. subtilis orthologues.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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