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Semin Perinatol. 2000 Apr;24(2):136-49.

Hypoglycemia in the neonate.

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Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.


After a brief history of the development of neonatal hypoglycemia, this review emphasizes the current approach to the anticipation, diagnosis, and management of the neonate with a low plasma glucose concentration. Current techniques for studying the neurophysiological and endocrine-metabolic effects of significant hypoglycemia provide new approaches for establishing relevant definitions of significant hypoglycemia, its prognosis, and pathogenesis. The inadequacy of glucose oxidase strips for screening, the definition of high-risk infants, new definitions for low plasma glucose concentrations, and their treatment are presented as well as the ability of the neonate to respond to significantly low glucose values. New data concerning the hereditary aspects of hyperinsulinemia (Glaser, this issue), hereditary defects in branched-chain amino acid, 3-methylglutaconic aciduria and mitochondrial betaoxidation, and degradation of fatty acids (Ozand, this issue), the role of glucose transporters (Vannucci and Vannucci, this issue), and the newer computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging techniques (Kinnala, this issue) to study neonatal hypoglycemia are reviewed elsewhere in this issue.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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