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J Infect Dis. 2000 May;181 Suppl 2:S288-94.

Human caliciviruses in acute gastroenteritis of young children in the community.

Author information

1
Department of Virology and Pediatrics, University of Tampere Medical School, Tampere, Finland. llxipa@uta.fi.

Abstract

Episodes of acute gastroenteritis in prospectively followed children between 2 months and 2 years of age were examined for rotaviruses, enteric adenoviruses, astroviruses, and human caliciviruses, including both Norwalk-like viruses (NLVs) and Sapporo-like viruses (SLVs), using PCR and reverse transcription (RT)-PCR assays. A virus was identified in 60% (502/832) of all episodes and in 85% of the moderately severe or severe episodes. Human caliciviruses were as common as rotaviruses, both being detected in 29% of the cases. NLVs accounted for a 20% etiologic share of all cases; the clinical picture was a moderately severe disease with vomiting as a predominant symptom. SLVs were detected in 9% of the cases, the clinical picture being a mild diarrheal disease. Astroviruses were found in 10% and enteric adenoviruses in 6% of the cases. Diagnosis with PCR and RT-PCR methods increases the detection of all gastroenteritis viruses, particularly human caliciviruses. As a group, human caliciviruses are common causative agents of gastroenteritis in children <2 years of age in Finland, and, of these, NLVs cause more severe disease than SLVs.

PMID:
10804140
DOI:
10.1086/315590
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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