Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Immunogenetics. 2000 Apr;51(4-5):261-7.

Founder effect for a 26-bp deletion in the RFXANK gene in North African major histocompatibility complex class II-deficient patients belonging to complementation group B.

Author information

  • 1INSERM U 429, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Hopital des Enfants Malades, Paris, France.


Expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II genes is controlled at the transcriptional level by at least four trans-acting genes, CIITA, RFXANK, RFX5, and RFXAP. Defects in these regulatory genes result in the absence of MHC class II molecule expression and, thereby, cause a combined immunodeficiency. MHC class II deficiency is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Since the first description of the disease, about 70 patients from 50 families have been reported. Forty-three of these families have been classified into four complementation groups: A, B, C, and D. In the largest group, B, the majority of patients are of North African origin. In two of these patients, the same mutation in the RFXANK gene (752delG-25) was identified. We performed a mutation analysis in 20 additional patients belonging to complementation group B and detected the 752delG-25 mutation in 17. All of these patients are of North African origin. A founder effect for this mutation was documented, since all tested patients, except one, display a common haplotype spanning the RFXANK locus.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center