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Nat Med. 2000 May;6(5):536-42.

Concurrent enteric helminth infection modulates inflammation and gastric immune responses and reduces helicobacter-induced gastric atrophy.

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Division of Comparative Medicine, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.


Helicobacter pylori is causally associated with gastritis and gastric cancer. Some developing countries with a high prevalence of infection have high gastric cancer rates, whereas in others, these rates are low. The progression of helicobacter-induced gastritis and gastric atrophy mediated by type 1 T-helper cells may be modulated by concurrent parasitic infection. Here, in mice with concurrent helminth infection, helicobacter-associated gastric atrophy was reduced considerably despite chronic inflammation and high helicobacter colonization. This correlated with a substantial reduction in mRNA for cytokines and chemokines associated with a gastric inflammatory response of type 1 T-helper cells. Thus, concurrent enteric helminth infection can attenuate gastric atrophy, a premalignant lesion.

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