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Nat Genet. 2000 May;25(1):47-54.

A common polymorphism acts as an intragenic modifier of mutant p53 behaviour.

Author information

1
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

The p73 protein, a homologue of the tumour-suppressor protein p53, can activate p53-responsive promoters and induce apoptosis in p53-deficient cells. Here we report that some tumour-derived p53 mutants can bind to and inactivate p73. The binding of such mutants is influenced by whether TP53 (encoding p53) codon 72, by virtue of a common polymorphism in the human population, encodes Arg or Pro. The ability of mutant p53 to bind p73, neutralize p73-induced apoptosis and transform cells in cooperation with EJ-Ras was enhanced when codon 72 encoded Arg. We found that the Arg-containing allele was preferentially mutated and retained in squamous cell tumours arising in Arg/Pro germline heterozygotes. Thus, inactivation of p53 family members may contribute to the biological properties of a subset of p53 mutants, and a polymorphic residue within p53 affects mutant behaviour.

PMID:
10802655
DOI:
10.1038/75586
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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