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Trends Cell Biol. 2000 Jun;10(6):245-50.

Triggering the cell cycle in plants.

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Aventis CropScience N.V., Jozef Plateaustraat 22, B-9000, Gent, Belgium.


In essence, the mitotic cell cycle in eukaryotes involves the duplication and separation of chromosomes, coupled to the process of dividing one cell into two. Cytokinesis is therefore the culmination of a series of events that were triggered during G1 phase, and brings the daughter cells back to the starting position in G1 for another possible round of division. In all eukaryotes, progression through the cell cycle is controlled by cyclin-dependent kinases that bind to positive regulators called cyclins. This review explores some of the pathways that trigger the plant cell cycle, with emphasis on the G1 phase. Examples include signalling pathways involving glutathione and cellular redox potential, the possible existence of a G1 DNA-damage checkpoint, and the plant hormones auxin and cytokinin. Progress in understanding the link between cell proliferation, cell differentiation and the cell-cycle machinery in a developmental context is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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