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Toxicol Lett. 2000 May 19;115(2):117-25.

Glutamate and aspartate impair memory retention and damage hypothalamic neurons in adult mice.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine and Neuroscience Research Institute, MRC, Seoul National University, 28 Yongon-dong, Chongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

We examined the effects of systemic administration of monosodium glutamate (MSG) or aspartate (ASP) on the memory retention and neuronal damage in the brains of adult mice. Compared with the control mice, a single intraperitoneal injection of either 4.0 mg/g MSG or 0.5 mg/g ASP after acquisition trial significantly shortened the response latency in the passive avoidance test, accompanying by the transient weight loss. Histopathological analysis of the brains of these mice revealed that neurons in the arcuate nucleus of hypothalamus were damaged markedly by MSG (4.0 mg/g) or ASP (0.5 mg/g). Other brain areas including cerebral cortex and hippocampus did not show any pathological changes. These findings suggest that systemic administration of MSG or ASP could impair memory retention and damage hypothalamic neurons in adult mice.

PMID:
10802387
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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