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Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2000 Apr 30;108(1):93-9.

Stage-specific development of a novel adenosine transporter in Leishmania donovani amastigotes.

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  • 1Leishmania Group, Enzyme Division, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4 Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Calcutta, India.


Leishmania donovani, like all other kinetoplastida, is a purine auxotroph. Comparative studies of adenosine transport in L. donovani amastigotes and promastigotes revealed that, unlike the promastigote stage, the amastigote possesses two distinct adenosine transporters (T(1) and T(2)) both with high affinities (K(m), 1.14+/-0.05 and 2. 09+/-0.13 microM, respectively). One of these transporters (T(1)) appears to be identical with the adenosine/pyrimidine nucleoside transporter of the promastigote reported earlier. The other transporter (T(2)) is specific for the amastigote stage and transports only purine nucleosides. The biological significance of this stage-specific development of the second adenosine transporter has been briefly discussed.

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