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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2000 May;48(2):87-98.

Immunohistochemical characterization of glomerular PDGF B-chain and PDGF beta-receptor expression in diabetic rats.

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Third Department of Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Seta, Otsu, Shiga, Japan.


Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) was found to contribute to the pathophysiological process in the development and progression of glomerulosclerosis characterized by mesangial cell proliferation and accumulation of extracellular matrix. To examine the role of PDGF in the development of diabetic nephropathy, we conducted immunohistochemical analysis for PDGF B-chain (PDGF-B) and PDGF beta-receptor (PDGFR-beta) in the glomeruli of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. At 2, 4, and 12 weeks after the onset of diabetes, the expression of PDGF-B in glomeruli of diabetic rats was increased significantly as compared to control or diabetic rats treated with insulin. Similar changes were observed on PDGFR-beta immunostaining. The immunostaining of mirror sections revealed the existence of PDGF-B or PDGFR-beta not only in mesangial cells but also in visceral epithelial cells. Glomerular volume was significantly increased in diabetes. This early glomerular abnormality was prevented by an inhibition of PDGF system with trapidil as well as by the treatment of insulin. Our results suggest that the activation of the PDGF system in glomerular cells might play an important role in the development of early glomerular lesion in diabetes.

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