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FEBS Lett. 2000 May 4;473(1):63-6.

Adenylylsulfate reductases from archaea and bacteria are 1:1 alphabeta-heterodimeric iron-sulfur flavoenzymes--high similarity of molecular properties emphasizes their central role in sulfur metabolism.

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Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Konstanz, D-78457, Konstanz, Germany.


Highly active adenylylsulfate (APS) reductase was isolated under N(2)/H(2) from sulfate-reducing and sulfide-oxidizing bacteria and archaea. It was a 1:1 alphabeta-heterodimer of molecular mass approximately 95 kDa, and two subunits (alpha approximately 75, beta approximately 20 kDa). The specific activity was 11-14 micromol (min mg)(-1); cofactor analysis revealed 0.96+/-0.05 FAD, 7.5+/-0.1 Fe and 7.9+/-0.25 S(2-). The photochemically reduced enzyme had a multiline EPR spectrum resulting from two interacting [4Fe-4S] centers. The properties of the different APS reductases were remarkably similar, although the enzyme is involved in different metabolic pathways and was isolated from phylogenetically far separated organisms. A structural model is proposed, with FAD bound to the alpha-subunit, and two [4Fe-4S] centers located in close proximity on the beta-subunit.

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