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J Biol Chem. 2000 Jul 7;275(27):20235-8.

Overexpression of bamacan/SMC3 causes transformation.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, and Program in Cell Biology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA.


Bamacan can occur in certain cell types as either a secreted proteoglycan assembled into basement membranes or as an intracellular protein known as structural maintenance of chromosome 3 (SMC3). To assess the role of this protein in tumorigenesis, we investigated whether induced overexpression of bamacan/SMC3 could transform normal fibroblasts. We generated a full-length cDNA encoding the entire mouse bamacan/SMC3 and demonstrated appropriate transcription and translation into a 146-kDa protein. All the NIH and Balb/c 3T3 murine fibroblasts overexpressing this bamacan/SMC3 transgene generated foci of transformation and acquired anchorage-independent growth. The increased levels of bamacan/SMC3 expression achieved in the transfected fibroblasts were the same as those detected in a series of spontaneously transformed murine and human colon carcinoma cells. Moreover, a 3-4-fold overexpression of bamacan/SMC3 was detected in approximately 70% of human colon carcinoma specimens from matched pairs (n = 19, p < 0.0002) and in a cohort of intestinal tumors from Apc-deficient Min/+ mice. These results support the concept that deregulated expression of bamacan/SMC3 is involved in cell transformation.

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