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J Virol. 2000 Jun;74(11):4949-56.

The epithelial integrin alphavbeta6 is a receptor for foot-and-mouth disease virus.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright, Surrey GU24 ONF, United Kingdom.


Field isolates of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) have been shown to use the RGD-dependent integrin alphavbeta3 as a cellular receptor on cultured cells. However, several other RGD-dependent integrins may have the potential to act as receptors for FMDV in vivo. Of these, alphavbeta6 is a likely candidate for use as a receptor by FMDV as it is expressed on epithelial cells, which correlates with the tissue tropism of the virus. In this report, we show that human colon carcinoma cells (SW480) that are normally nonpermissive for FMDV become susceptible to infection as a result of transfection with the integrin beta6 subunit and expression of alphavbeta6 at the cell surface. Integrin alphavbeta6 is the major site for virus attachment on the beta6-transfected cells, and binding to alphavbeta6 serves to increase the rate of virus entry into these cells. In addition, we show that virus binding and infection of the beta6-transfected cells is mediated through an RGD-dependent interaction that is specifically inhibited by a monoclonal antibody (10D5) that recognizes alphavbeta6. These studies establish a role for alphavbeta6 as a cellular receptor for FMDV.

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