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J Biol Chem. 2000 May 12;275(19):14537-40.

Characterization of a P-type Na+-ATPase of a facultatively anaerobic alkaliphile, Exiguobacterium aurantiacum.

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Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chiba University, Yayoi, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522, Japan.


A facultatively anaerobic alkaliphile, Exiguobacterium aurantiacum, possesses a P-type Na(+)-stimulated ATPase in the membrane (Koyama, N. (1999) Curr. Microbiol. 39, 27-30). In this study, we attempted to purify and characterize the enzyme. The ATPase appears to consist of a single polypeptide with an apparent molecular mass of 100 kDa. The enzyme exhibited an optimum pH for activity at around 9. The enzyme was strongly inhibited by vanadate (50% inhibition observed at 3 microm) and forms an acylphosphate intermediate, suggesting a P-type ATPase. The enzyme, when reconstituted into soybean phospholipid vesicles, exhibited ATP-dependent (22)Na(+) uptake, which was completely inhibited by gramicidin. The reconstituted vesicles exhibited a generation of membrane potential (positive, inside). The enzyme is likely to be involved in an electrogenic transport of Na(+).

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