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Biometrics. 1993 Sep;49(3):823-35.

A latent trait finite mixture model for the analysis of rating agreement.

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The RAND Corporation, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, California 90406-2138, USA.


This article presents a latent distribution model for the analysis of agreement on dichotomous or ordered category ratings. The model includes parameters that characterize bias, category definitions, and measurement error for each rater or test. Parameter estimates can be used to evaluate rater performance and to improve classification or measurement with use of multiple ratings. A simple maximum likelihood estimation procedure is described. Two examples illustrate the approach. Although considered in the context of analyzing rater agreement, the model provides a general approach for mixture analysis using two or more ordered-caregory measures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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