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Dakar Med. 1999;44(1):88-93.

[Ocular burns at the ophthalmologic clinic of the Central University Hospital of Le Dantec apropos of 28 patients].

[Article in French]

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Clinique Ophtalmologique CHU A. Le Dantec, Dakar Fann Sénégal.


Chemical and thermal ocular burns are emergencies in ophthalmology because of the blindness sequels they occur. All patients were included in a prospective study form during 18 months. 28 patients were admitted for ocular burns, representing an incidence of 5.21%. 13 of them had occupational ocular burns, 11 homely ocular burns and 4 public way injuries. 18 had chemical burns and 10 thermal burns, with a total of 44 eyes. The clinical observations was dominated by conjunctival lesions: 90.9%, corneal lesions: 79.5%, and plapebral lesions: 43.2%. 11 of them who had chemical burns, the ocular irrigation was made immediately after the accident, and all of them had antibiotic and cicatrizing treatment. The seriousness of ocular burns, the youngness of patients must instigate the authorities to improve the working conditions in the factories, and a better information in manipulation of dangerous chemical product.

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