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Science. 2000 May 5;288(5467):859-63.

Direct targeting of light signals to a promoter element-bound transcription factor.

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1
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.

Abstract

Light signals perceived by the phytochrome family of sensory photoreceptors are transduced to photoresponsive genes by an unknown mechanism. Here, we show that the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor PIF3 binds specifically to a G-box DNA-sequence motif present in various light-regulated gene promoters, and that phytochrome B binds reversibly to G-box-bound PIF3 specifically upon light-triggered conversion of the photoreceptor to its biologically active conformer. We suggest that the phytochromes may function as integral light-switchable components of transcriptional regulator complexes, permitting continuous and immediate sensing of changes in this environmental signal directly at target gene promoters.

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PMID:
10797009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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