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Pflugers Arch. 1975;354(1):1-18.

Displacement currents in the node of Ranvier. Voltage and time dependence.


The time course of the membrane currents in the node of Ranvier in which the sodium and potassium conductances have been blocked reveals asymmetries during and after the application of depolarizing and hyperpolarizing voltage-clamp pulses of identical size. Since 1. the integrals of the "on" and "off" current transients were found to be equal and opposite, 2. the change displaced reached saturation (about 140-10-minus 15 C/node) when the internal potential was taken to a sufficiently positive value during the depolarizing pulses and, 3. the size of the charge transferred was unaffected by temperature although its time constant had a large temperature coefficient (Q10 = 2.4), these currents to our opinion must result form charge movements confined to the membrane and, therefore, can be considered as non-liner displacement currents. The steady-state rearrangement of the charges is consistent with a Boltzmann distribution of charges (effective valence z = 1.65) between two configurations characterized by different energy levels. The midpoint potential of the distribution curve is -33.7mV and its maximum slope, kT/ZE, is 14.9 mV. Following changes in membrane potential the charges undergo a first order transition between these states. We propose that these displacement currents arise from a redistribution of the charges involved in the sodium gating system.

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