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J Med Chem. 2000 May 4;43(9):1858-65.

Protease inhibitors: synthesis of potent bacterial collagenase and matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors incorporating N-4-nitrobenzylsulfonylglycine hydroxamate moieties.

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Università degli Studi, Laboratorio di Chimica Inorganica e Bioinorganica, Via Gino Capponi 7, I-50121 Florence, Italy.


A series of compounds was prepared by reaction of alkyl/arylsulfonyl halides with N-4-nitrobenzylglycine, followed by conversion of the COOH to the CONHOH group, with hydroxylamine in the presence of carbodiimides. Other structurally related compounds were obtained by reaction of N-4-nitrobenzylglycine with aryl isocyanates, arylsulfonyl isocyanates, or benzoyl isothiocyanate, followed by the similar conversion of the COOH into the CONHOH moiety. Another subseries of derivatives was prepared from sulfanilyl- or metanilyl-4-nitrobenzylglycine by reaction with arylsulfonyl isocyanates, followed by conversion of the COOH to the hydroxamate moiety. The new compounds were assayed as inhibitors of four matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-8, and MMP-9, and of the Clostridium histolyticum collagenase (ChC). Some of the prepared hydroxamate derivatives proved to be very effective collagenase/gelatinase inhibitors, depending on the substitution pattern at the sulfonamido moiety. Substitutions leading to best inhibitors of MMP-1, a short pocket enzyme, were those involving pentafluorophenylsulfonyl or 3-trifluoromethylphenylsulfonyl moieties at P(1') (K(I)'s of 3-5 nM). For MMP-2, MMP-8, and MMP-9 (deep-pocket enzymes), best inhibitors were especially those containing long perfluoroalkylsulfonyl and substituted-arylsulfonyl moieties, such as pentafluorophenylsulfonyl, 3- and 4-protected-aminophenylsulfonyl, 3- and 4-carboxyphenylsulfonyl, arylsulfonylureido, or arylsulfonylureidosulfanilyl/metanilyl moieties, at P(1'). Bulkier groups in this position, such as 1- and 2-naphthyl, substituted-naphthyl, or quinolin-8-yl moieties among others, led to less effective MMP/ChC inhibitors. Best ChC inhibitors were again those containing pentafluorophenylsulfonyl or 3- and 4-protected-aminophenylsulfonyl P(1') anchoring groups, suggesting that this protease is also a short-pocket wider-neck one (more similar to MMP-1). This study also proves that the 4-nitrobenzyl moiety is an efficient P(2') anchoring moiety and that sulfonylureido, ureido, or carboxythioureido substitutions at P(1') are also tolerated for obtaining potent sulfonylated amino acid hydroxamate-like MMP/ChC inhibitors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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