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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2000 Apr;78(4):708-24.

Perspective-taking: decreasing stereotype expression, stereotype accessibility, and in-group favoritism.

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Department of Organizational Behavior, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA.


Using 3 experiments, the authors explored the role of perspective-taking in debiasing social thought. In the 1st 2 experiments, perspective-taking was contrasted with stereotype suppression as a possible strategy for achieving stereotype control. In Experiment 1, perspective-taking decreased stereotypic biases on both a conscious and a nonconscious task. In Experiment 2, perspective-taking led to both decreased stereotyping and increased overlap between representations of the self and representations of the elderly, suggesting activation and application of the self-concept in judgments of the elderly. In Experiment 3, perspective-taking reduced evidence of in-group bias in the minimal group paradigm by increasing evaluations of the out-group. The role of self-other overlap in producing prosocial outcomes and the separation of the conscious, explicit effects from the nonconscious, implicit effects of perspective-taking are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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