Send to

Choose Destination
Vision Res. 2000;40(3):311-29.

Sensitivity to contrast modulation depends on carrier spatial frequency and orientation.

Author information

McGill Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Montreal, Qué., Canada.


We consider how the detection of second-order contrast structure depends on the orientation and spatial frequency of first-order luminance structure. For patterns composed of a bandpass noise carrier multiplied by a contrast envelope function, we show that sensitivity to the envelope varies in proportion to the spatial frequency of the carrier. For oriented carriers at low spatial-frequencies, detection of the contrast envelope is easier when the envelope and carrier are perpendicular, but this dependency diminishes as the spatial frequency of the carrier increases. These differences are not attributable to either the detection of side-bands, or the presence of spurious contrast structure in unmodulated carrier images. A final experiment measured envelope detection in the presence of noise masks. Results indicate that orientationally and spatially-band pass filtering precedes the detection of second-order structure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center